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Responsive Navigation using CSS only No JavaScript

In this Tutorial I will create a Responsive Navigation Menu using CSS only and No JavaScript in order to create a drop down menu.

First I will create a nav tag then an a tag for out logo then a input tag and a label tag which will communicate with one a nother.

The menu will consist as usual of an ul tag with a class of menu and fore list items with a tags.

The main attraction here is the pseudo class :checked which will help us toggle on and off the menu.

In order to create the Hamburger menu and the x I will use the pseudo elements ::before and after.

Img:

HTML :

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css" />
    <title>Responsive Navigation Menu</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <nav class="nav">
      <a href="#" class="logo">Menyhart <span>Media</span></a>
      <input id="menu_btn" class="menu_btn" type="checkbox" />
      <label for="menu_btn" class="menu-icon"
        ><span class="nav-icon"></span
      ></label>
      <ul class="menu">
        <li><a href="#" class="active">home</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">about</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">services</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">contact</a></li>
      </ul>
    </nav>
    <section>
      <h1><span>Responsive Navigation</span><span>No JavaScript</span></h1>
    </section>
  </body>
</html>

CSS:

*,
::before,
::after {
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  list-style: none;
  text-decoration: none;
}
body {
  font-size: 16px;
  font-family: sans-serif;
}
section {
  position: relative;
  background-image: url(/img/blur-cars-city-commuting-409701.jpg);
  background-position: center;
  background-size: cover;
  height: 95vh;
  top: 5vh;
  width: 100%;
}
section h1 {
  color: #fff;
  position: relative;
  height: 100%;
  margin: auto;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 10rem;
  font-family: "Segoe UI", Tahoma, Geneva, Verdana, sans-serif;
  letter-spacing: 5px;
  text-shadow: 2px 2px 10px #111;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: space-evenly;
}

.nav {
  background-color: rgb(15, 60, 95);
  box-shadow: 0 0 15px 5px;
  position: fixed;
  height: 70px;
  top: 0;
  width: 100%;
  z-index: 2;
}
.nav ul {
  overflow: hidden;
  background-color: rgb(15, 60, 95);
}

.nav ul a {
  display: block;
  padding: 2rem;
  border-right: 2px solid #111111;
  color: #fff;
  font-weight: 700;
  font-size: 1.3rem;
  text-transform: uppercase;
}
.nav .logo {
  float: left;
  display: block;
  font-size: 2.2rem;
  padding-left: 1rem;
  color: goldenrod;
  font-weight: 700;
  font-family: "Lucida Sans", "Lucida Sans Regular", "Lucida Grande",
    "Lucida Sans Unicode", Geneva, Verdana, sans-serif;
  text-shadow: 5px 5px 10px #111;
}
.nav .logo span {
  color: #fff;
  text-transform: uppercase;
  font-size: 1.5rem;
  letter-spacing: 2px;
}

.nav ul a:hover {
  background-color: #fff;
  color: rgb(15, 60, 95);
  transition: 0.2s ease-in;
}

.nav .menu {
  clear: both;
  max-height: 0;
  transition: max-height 0.2s ease-out;
}
.nav .menu-icon {
  box-sizing: 0 0 5px 1px #fff;
  padding: 28px 20px;
  position: relative;
  float: right;
  cursor: pointer;
}
.nav .menu-icon .nav-icon {
  background-color: #fff;
  display: block;
  height: 2px;
  width: 18px;
  position: relative;
  transition: background 0.2s ease-out;
}
.nav .menu-icon .nav-icon::before {
  background-color: #ffffff;
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  top: 5px;
  transition: all 0.2 ease-out;
}
.nav .menu-icon .nav-icon::after {
  background-color: #ffffff;
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  top: -5px;
  transition: all 0.2 ease-out;
}
.nav .menu_btn {
  display: none;
}
.nav .menu_btn:checked ~ .menu {
  max-height: 450px;
}
.nav .menu_btn:checked ~ .menu-icon .nav-icon {
  background-color: transparent;
}
.nav .menu_btn:checked ~ .menu-icon .nav-icon::before {
  transition: all 0.2s ease-out;
  transform: rotate(-45deg);
  top: 0;
  background-color: tomato;
}
.nav .menu_btn:checked ~ .menu-icon .nav-icon::after {
  transition: all 0.2s ease-out;
  transform: rotate(45deg);
  top: 0;
  background-color: tomato;
}

@media (min-width: 900px) {
  .nav li {
    float: left;
  }
  .nav li a {
    padding: 20px 30px;
  }
  .nav .menu {
    clear: none;
    float: right;
    max-height: none;
  }
  .nav .menu-icon {
    display: none;
  }
}
@media (max-width:768px){
    section h1{
        font-size: 4rem;
    }
    .nav .logo{
        margin-left:25% ;
    }
}

We will create

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